Known as the "Gateway to the West" due to its location, the Montgomery County area has a rich historical background still evident today. Its river, turnpike, canal and railroad transportation routes add to the complexity of the area's past. As a midpoint between the popular Cooperstown and Saratoga attractions, positioned near the State Capital of Albany, and nestled in the foothills of the great Adirondacks, Montgomery County has long been the center of some of the most important events in our nation's history: Abundant natural resources sustained the Mohawk tribal people whose villages once bordered the river; settlers arrived in the early 1700s, including the Dutch, German and British; and it was the center of many a battle during the American Revolution. With its natural break in the Appalachian Mountains at "The Noses," Montgomery County anchored America's main east-west axis, enabling New York State to become one of the greatest manufacturing regions of the world. No matter where you go in Montgomery County, the river remains the backdrop of all activities in the charming villages of the Mohawk Valley.